AI chest X-ray solution Annalise CXR helps radiologists to make better decisions about your health

    Artificial Intelligence is helping transform almost every industry and healthcare is definitely one that can benefit the most. has launched its comprehensive chest X-ray AI solution called Annalise CXR, which detects as many as 124 clinical findings, helping radiologists and clinicians make better decisions about your health.

    The company was originally formed as a joint venture between Australian healthcare technology company and one of the world’s largest radiology companies, I–MED Radiology Network. 

    The launch of Annalise CXR coincides with its publication of a peer-reviewed diagnostic accuracy study published by The Lancet Digital Health, on 1 July 2021, which is the largest of its kind ever undertaken in terms of the number of findings concurrently evaluated. 

    In a study of Assisted radiologist performance, it was found that the assist device, Annalise CXR significantly improved the ability for radiologists to perceive 102 chest X-ray (CXR) findings in a non-clinical environment, was statistically non-inferior for 19 findings and no findings showed a decrease in accuracy.

    The study also assessed the standalone performance of the model in a non-clinical environment against radiologists in identifying chest x-ray pathology, as well as investigating the effect of model output on radiologist performance when used as an assist device. 

    Annalise CXR’s AI model classification alone was significantly more accurate than unassisted radiologists for 117 (94%) of 124 clinical findings predicted by the model and was non-inferior to unassisted radiologists for all other clinical findings.

    “The ability of the AI model to identify findings on chest x-rays is very encouraging. Radiologists and non-radiology clinicians incorporate clinical factors into decision making, but ultimately rely on perception of findings to underpin our clinical interpretation. 

    “Developing and validating a comprehensive AI model for chest x-rays required a careful, detailed approach based on robust methodology and focus on quality labelling, training, software development and thorough evaluation prior to clinical deployment”

    Dr Catherine Jones – a thoracic radiologist and Chest Lead at CEO & Co-Founder, Dimitry Tran said Annalise CXR would provide significant benefits to patients and healthcare professionals:

    “A major challenge facing global health systems is that the number of scans requiring clinical interpretation is growing at a much greater pace than increases in the number of radiologists to interpret them.

    Annalise CXR seamlessly integrates with regular workflows, highlighting findings on chest X-rays for review by the radiologist.

    We hope that the solution will increase radiology capacity, thereby reducing turnaround time; improving interpretation quality by providing clinicians with another set of eyes, and reducing the risk of backlogs,” CEO & Co-Founder, Dimitry Tran

    The 124 clinical findings detected by Annalise CXR compares with just 75 findings found using the next most comprehensive CXR AI product, with most CXR AI products limited to fewer than 15 findings.

    Mr Tran said many companies developing AI algorithms for medical imaging focussed on narrow clinical findings rather than a comprehensive modality/body part solution. 

    “This approach limits the utility of AI as radiologists, requiring more clinically diverse AI tools that can detect a wide range of clinical presentations,

    Annalise CXR operates in a way that more closely mimics a radiologist’s own workflow, reading an entire chest X-ray image, both frontal and laterally, and methodically searching for multiple potential findings. 

    This enables faster reporting and reduces the likelihood of missed diagnoses, as would be the case if a narrow AI solution detected a single finding and missed other clinically relevant findings elsewhere in the scan.” CEO & Co-Founder, Dimitry Tran

    Dr Claire Bloomfield, CEO at the National Consortium of Intelligent Medical Imaging, based at University of Oxford, adds:

    “There is real value in solutions like this that meet specific needs of healthcare professional by reducing repetitive tasks and improving workflow. AI solutions have the potential to free up time for overworked and under-resourced radiologists, so they can focus on patient-facing decisions and cases which call on their years of experience. There is also scope for radiologists to increasingly use ‘multi-modal’ data as part of decision making, placing them at the heart of diagnosis of patients beyond clinical images.

    “The NHS has an opportunity to adopt more innovative products like Annalise CXR to keep care cutting edge, as well as support the workforce in meeting the challenges they face right now. The ecosystem of research and innovation, commercialisation and care delivery will become even more closely integrated in the coming years.” 

    Dr Claire Bloomfield, CEO at the National Consortium of Intelligent Medical Imaging

    The Lancet Digital Health publication’s multi-reader, multi-case (MRMC) diagnostic accuracy study evaluated the performance of Annalise CXR’s AI model. It found the diagnostic performance of the model was exceptional across the range of clinical findings and compared favourably to previously published models.

    The study concluded that the excellent model performance could be at least partially attributed to the large number of studies labelled by radiologists for AI model training. 

    The Annalise CXR AI model – a deep learning convolutional neural network system – was trained on 821,681 chest X-ray images from 520,014 studies across 284,649 patients. The study assessed the performance of the radiologists alone and the same radiologists when using the AI model as an assist device when identifying pathology in a chosen dataset. 

    Twenty radiologists each reviewed 2,568 CXR studies both with and without the assistance of the Annalise CXR model, allowing adequate time between both arms of the study to minimise bias. Gold-standard ground truth labels were obtained from the consensus of three subspecialty thoracic radiologists with access to reports and clinical history.

    Further details of the study results can be found at

    Jason Cartwright
    Jason Cartwright
    Creator of techAU, Jason has spent the dozen+ years covering technology in Australia and around the world. Bringing a background in multimedia and passion for technology to the job, Cartwright delivers detailed product reviews, event coverage and industry news on a daily basis. Disclaimer: Tesla Shareholder from 20/01/2021

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